Specific Gravity: 3.18
Characteristics: A variety of andalusite having a square cross section that displays a 'maltese cross' pattern resulting from carbonaceous impurities; Polymorph of kyanite and sillimanite; Red, brown, or green; vitreous luster; translucent to opaque; insoluble in most acids.
Found in low pressure aluminum-rich metamorphic rocks, commonly schists.
(Primary text: Perkins, D. 2002. Mineralogy. Prentice Hall.)