Scholarly Journals vs. Popular Magazines:
What's the difference?
|Bibliographies or list of references are
|Usually DO NOT have bibliographies or lists of references|
|Authors are experts||Authors are often generalists|
|Articles are signed by the authors||Articles are sometimes unsigned|
|Audience is the scholarly reader such as professors, researchers, students||Audience is the general population|
|Standardized formats are usually followed, such as APA, MLA, etc.||Use various formats, which are often unstructured|
|Written in the jargon of the field||Written for anyone to understand|
|Any illustrations support the text, such as maps, tables, photographs||Often profusely illustrated for marketing appeal|
|Journal may have a serious, somber appearance, with few bright colors||May have a bright, attractive cover, with many glossy pictures|
Created October 2009 and modified from a handout created by the University of Michigan and from a figure published by Kim N. Cook, Lilith R. Kunkel and Susan M. Weaver. "Cooperative Learning in Bibliographic Instruction." Research Strategies" Winter 1995: 17-25.